1984 Anti-Sikh Riots Case: Calls for justice in India

In the 1984 anti-Sikh riots , Delhi’s Patiala House Court has given a major ruling. In the 1984 riots, the Patiala House Court of Delhi has given death sentence to Mujrim Yashpal Singh in the crime of killing two Sikh youths, while the other accused Naresh Sehrawat has been sentenced to life imprisonment. This is the first case when someone has been sentenced to death by the court in the 1984 riots case. Both have been fined Rs 35 lakhs.

In fact, a Delhi court on Wednesday convicted two persons of killing two people in the 1984 anti-Sikh riots. Additional Sessions Judge Ajay Pandey blamed Naresh Sehrawat and Yashpal Singh for the assassination of Hardev Singh and Avtar Singh in Mahipalpur in South Delhi during the riots. This case was filed by Hardev Singh’s brother Santokh Singh.

The Delhi Police had closed the case in 1994 due to lack of evidence but the SIT formed to investigate the riots reopened the case. The court convicted both the accused under various sections of the Indian Penal Code. Immediately after the verdict was announced, both were taken into custody.

The SIT, constituted for the investigation of 1984 anti-Sikh riots, demanded the death sentence of two people, who were convicted by the court, of being rare in rare cases, and sentenced them to death. However, the lawyers of the culprits opposed this demand of SIT and demanded the life sentence for life imprisonment.

After the verdict, Akali Dal leader Harsimrat Kaur Badal tweeted, “They killed, burnt the house, raped them, today they will be hanged.” Today’s decisions against the two culprits have increased the confidence of the Sikhs. The other accused are praying for a severe punishment. ”

What was the case on
November 1, 1984 in Hardev Singh, Kuldeep Singh and Sangit Singh at their grocery stores in Mahipalpur. At the same time, the violent crowd of 800 to 1000 people came towards their shops. In the hands of the people in the crowd, there were iron, sticky, stone, kerosene oil in the hands of the people. On this, he (Hardev, Kuldeep and all his associates) closed the shops and he ran towards the house of a man named Surjit Singh. After some time Avtar Singh also took shelter there. They closed the room from inside.After burning the shops, the crowd targeted Surjit’s room. They hit everyone badly They had hatched with the knife with everybody and the accompaniment and threw all the people down from the balcony.

The accused sprinkled the room with kerosene and set it on fire. The injured were later admitted to Safdarjung Hospital, where Avtar Singh and Hardev Singh died.

The Delhi Police closed the case in 1994 due to lack of evidence. Although the SIT had further investigated the matter.

Why were riots?
In 1984, Indira Gandhi was assassinated by her bodyguards. After which anti-Sikh riots broke out in many cities of the country. It has been said that some Congress workers were actively involved in this. A separatist group of Sikhs murdered by Indira Gandhi had made her protest against the military action taken by her in the Golden Temple of Amritsar.

According to the official report of the Government of India, 2800 people died in these riots across India. Of which 2100 deaths were held only in Delhi. During the CBI investigation, some of the government employees came to know about the riots in 1984. After the assassination of Indira Gandhi, her son Rajiv Gandhi became the Prime Minister.

What are the big cases in this case?
In the 1984 Bridge Bridge case, Congress leader Jagdish Tytler was accused of killing Badal Singh, Thakur Singh and Gurcharan Singh. These people were hiding in a gurdwara on November 1, 1984. The attack on them was a part of the anti-Sikh riots. In this case, the trial court had ordered the CBI to investigate witnesses and those who had said that they had any information about it. Apart from this, another Congress leader Sajjan Kumar also came in. In this case, Sajjan Kumar is still on bail.

In November 2007, the CBI filed its report in the Delhi High Court and it had said that it has not received any evidence against Jagdish Tytler. The CBI had also claimed that during the Tytler riots, the Gurdwara bridge was not present near Bangash. Rather they were in the three-mooring house, which was the residence of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Where his body was kept. After this, the CBI had closed all cases against Tytler.

In this case, the court ruled in favor of petitioner Lakhwinder Kaur, resident of Pul Bangash, in this case. Kaur’s lawyer HS Phulka had alleged that there was enough evidence against Tytler, but he was deliberately ignored.

In December 2007, Dushyant Kumar, another witness of the anti-Sikh riots, gave interviews to several TV channels. In which he said that the CBI never came to him for investigation. The then main opposition party Bharatiya Janata Party raised questions on the then CBI chief Suresh Pachauri in this case. But they refused to say anything in this matter.

On December 17, 2007, Delhi court judge Sanjiv Jain asked the CBI to start investigating again against Jagdish Tytler.

In December 2008, the team of two people of the CBI recorded the statements of Jasbir Singh and Surinder Singh in New York. These witnesses claimed that Tytler was leading the mob and he also accused the CBI of not taking action in the manner in the manner of the CBI.

Referring to the lack of evidence in March, 2009, the CBI gave Jagdish Tytler a clean chit.

On April 7, 2009, a Sikh reporter, Jarnail Singh, shouted sloganeering towards the then Union Home Minister P Chidambaram for giving a clean chit to Tytler. However, Chidambaram apologized to the reporter who attacked. People gave reasons for the upcoming Lok Sabha elections to be followed.

On April 9, 2009, Tytler was stopped from contesting the Lok Sabha elections, so that there is no problem with the party.

April 10, 2009 Delhi Court recommends opening the case again.

On December 5, 2015, the Delhi High Court asked the CBI to record Abhishek Verma’s statement. Verma was a weapon businessman and a witness in this case. He also had the point of threatening his life.

In September, 2016, CBI filed an investigation report in this case.

On March 30, 2017, the court asked Tytler to give a long-detection test, but Tytler declined saying that he is not ready for it now and it is vandalism. Tytler said that its purpose is not correct but he agreed to record his statement before magistrate.

In February 2018, the Delhi High Court had upheld the lower court’s order to give anticipatory bail to Congress leader Sajjan Kumar in two cases of the 1984 anti-Sikh riots.

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