Gokuldham Society is a residential area in Powder Gali, Goregaon, Mumbai with four wings: a wing, Wing B, C and D Wing Wing. Although society has more than 50 apartments, the show revolves around the lives of eight families:
Jethalal Champaklal Gada, an electronics store owner from Kachchh district, Gujarat, and his wife Daya, father Champaklal Jayantilal Gada and the son Tipendra (Tapu). Residents of the B-wing.
The narrator, Taarak Mehta, a column-writer and his wife Anjali, a disciplined dietitian who is from Gujarat. Residents of the B-wing.
Society secretary, Aatmaram Tukaram Bhide, a home tutor from Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, his wife Madhavi, businesswoman and daughter Sonalika (Sonu). Residents of a wing.
Dr. Hansraj Hathi, resident doctors from Bihar, his wife Komal and son Gulab Kumar (Goli). Residents of a wing.
Roshan Singh Sodhi, a car mechanic from Amritsar, Punjab, and his Parsi wife, also named Roshan and their son Gurcharan (Gogi). Residents of a wing.
Krishnan Subramaniam Iyer, a Tamil scholar from Chennai, Tamil Nadu and his Bengali wife Babita from Kolkata, West Bengal. Residents of C Wing.
Popatlal Pandey, a newspaper reporter who works for Toofan Express and from Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. Residents of C Wing.
Pankaj Diwan Sahay also called Pinku, part of Tapu Sena and live in another community (Gulmohar Apartments) (Tapu Sena did not know about his personal background since the beginning of 2018).
There are other recurring characters including Sundarlal (brother of Jethalal wife Daya from Ahmedabad, Gujarat) and his friends. Abdul, the shopkeeper of the provisions store is located off the entrance society reporter Rita Shrivastav from ‘Kal Tak’ news channel, Inspector Chalu Pandey, Asit Kumarr Modi himself Jethalal shop assistants – Natwarlal Prabhashankar Udhaiwala (Natu Kaka) and his nephew Bageshwar Dadu Udheywala (Baagha) which are often bent on doing the wrong job and Baagh fiancee Bawri Dhondulal Kanpuria.
Members of the community and other characters have an emotional bond of love and sympathy for each other that makes them live as members of one family. They are often seen celebrating festivals and attend events together. Even if they turn out to live life to the typical Indian families, the characters, more often than not Jethalal Gada, tend to get into trouble, came from routine operations intensify in a comical way.
Peculiarities of individual character seeks to improve the humor quotient of the show. No matter what kind of problems as a member of the joint meetings of all other members to stand for them to extend all possible help. In one episode, is the resolution of the problem as a sign usually followed by a moral message at the end of Taarak Mehta, intended for all the characters of the show, as well as viewers.
The Tapu Sena is a five-member group of children living in Gokuldham Society (expect Pinku, who lives in another community) Tapu (Chairman of Tapu Sena), Goli, Gogi, Pinku and Sonu. These children have played an important role, providing a fun young tone to the show. Usually the group a nuisance for the other members of society because of their pranks, while other times, it draws praise from members by doing something commendable. Secretary community, Atmaram Tukaram Bhide particularly annoyed Tapu Sena to play cricket in the community association that sometimes breaks the window glass, or just cause problems that appear in some episodes. Since the beginning of the show, Tapu Sena features with their childish activities, characterized the typical frolicsome Indian children. As children grow up and mature, stories appropriate to their age.